Cultural History of India by A. L. Basham

By A. L. Basham

This e-book, edited by way of the well known historian A. L. Basham, offers a complete survey of Indian tradition, overlaying such features as faith, philosophy, social association, literature, paintings. structure, song and technology. It features a specific part facing the impact of Indian civilization at the remainder of the area, in addition to information of the political background of the quarter to supply a chronological framework for the non-specialist. individuals contain such eminent students as Radhakrishnan, Burrow, Das, and Spear.

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83 This was, of course, somewhat ironic coming from Munro, who himself had a Eurasian family. However, it seems that in this instance, his reputation as a keen balancer of budgets won out. Moreover, Munro warned that even if only one-third to one-half of their European soldiers married Eurasian women, it would mean 10,000 to 15,000 wives (not to mention children), to support at public expense. Instead of encouraging this The East India Company, the Army and Indian Society 33 ‘disastrous’ situation, Munro suggested that no aid be bestowed to these wives and families beyond what was already provided by charitable institutions.

This control took the form of the lock hospital system. The lock hospital embodied the idea that low-class prostitutes, seen as being the primary transmitters of venereal diseases, should be removed and segregated from society – ‘regulated’ in order to affect their ‘cure’ and, in so doing, reduce the threat they represented to European soldiers. The creation of a separate, criminalised, ‘prostitute’ category (which later contributed to the myth of a separate, historical ‘prostitute caste’ in India) was vital to administrators’ attempts to justify the socially and physically invasive methods of venereal disease control that they proposed.

1 Returns of the number of females who have been married out of the Lower Orphans [sic] School, 1 January 1800 to 31 December 1818 To non-commissioned officers & privates of His Majesty’s services To non-commissioned officers & privates of the Hon’ble Co’s services To persons not in the service of His Majesty or that of the Hon’ble company In the year In the year In the year Number 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 1 4 22 4 1 1 5 18 2 6 1 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 Total Average number per year during 19 years 65 3½ Total Average number per year during 19 years Number 14 13 12 9 2 10 10 16 20 27 16 10 16 19 7 19 26 17 11 274 14 ½ 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 Total Average number per year during 19 years Number 1 1 1 1 2 4 1 “ 2 2 5 4 3 2 2 2 1 6 1 41 2¼ Source: Returns of Marriages from the Lower Orphan School from January 1800 to December 1818, Bengal (Separate) Military Collections, 1818.

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