A Grammar of Wardaman: A Language of the Northern Territory by Merlan, Francesca C.

By Merlan, Francesca C.

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Additional info for A Grammar of Wardaman: A Language of the Northern Territory of Australia

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In all these forms, only a single n is realized, and so we may assume a process of reduction. gini-; 2NSG > 1NSG /yi-n-gu-n-nu-/ (1EX, accusative, plural marker, accusative, 2 person), with actual form yunggunu-. ), where prefix-final n precedes verb stem initial n, a different set of phonological processes occurs. 4. Final syllable reduction in nominal stems There is a pervasive process of final syllable reduction in nominal stems before non-zero suffix. However, one finds that to some of the same stems that are often reduced, on other occasions speakers will add case and other endings without reduction.

Gu 'lirrida ] [ 'ga. 2. '). , with homorganic semivowel and vowel, are commonly realized as [u] and [/]. In other such word-initial combinations, the glide tends to remain unreduced, or somewhat less so; and the semivowel is not reduced in initial combination with non-homorganic vowel: [Vw/τεη] ['wUjbln] [yu'gUrni] 'child' 'greedy' 'more, again' However, there is some variation, and there are some words, like /wuja/ 'fire, wood', which appear to be commonly realized in both ways. In that word, it is likely the /wu/ is etymologically the noun class prefix, synchronically however to be analyzed as part of the root.

Some clusters may occur in both kinds of environments; but some occur only across morpheme boundaries (as, for instance, where a consonant-initial suffix follows a consonant-final stem). A subcase of morpheme boundary is reduplicative boundary (either fixed or "live"), where a Segmental phonology 21 set of cluster combinations occur that are not found elsewhere. Where a cluster is attested only across a grammatical boundary, that combination is marked B on the Table. Where a combination is attested only across a reduplicative boundary, it is marked R.

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