A Way of Work and a Way of Life: Coal Mining in Thurber, by Marilyn D. Rhinehart

By Marilyn D. Rhinehart

The coal mine represented even more than a fashion of creating a dwelling to the miners of Thurber, Texas, within the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries-it represented a lifestyle. Coal mining ruled Thurber's paintings existence, and miners ruled its social lifestyles. the massive immigrant inhabitants that stuffed the mines in Thurber represented greater than a dozen international locations, which lent a specialty to this Texas city. In 1888 Robert D. Hunter and the Texas & Pacific Coal corporation based Thurber at the web site of Johnson Mines, a small coal-mining village at the western fringe of North imperative Texas the place Palo Pinto, Erath, and Eastland counties converged. for nearly 40 years the corporate mined coal and owned and operated a city that by means of 1910 served as domestic to greater than 3 thousand citizens. Marilyn Rhinehart examines the tradition of the miners' paintings, the demographics and social lifetime of the group, and the advantages and constraints of lifestyles in a firm city.

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Additional resources for A Way of Work and a Way of Life: Coal Mining in Thurber, Texas, 1888-1926 (Texas A&M Southwestern Studies)

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50942. I further appreciate their granting permission for me to use portions of the article throughout the first four chapters but most particularly in chapter 4, where I discuss labor difficulties in Thurber. Direct quotes are used throughout this book. In an attempt to preserve their authenticity, I retained misspellings and variations of names as they appear in the original sources. To my fellow historians and friends at North Harris College I must say a special thank you for their encouragement and interest.

20 An occupation in which workers passed so much of their working time in the mine waiting left plenty of opportunity for discussing grievances and other common interests. Oratory abounded during dead time on the gob piles at the entries and strengthened bonds that naturally developed in the pits. A tradition of oral transmission of information in the mining community heightened the significance of such meetings as well as the time spent lined up for hoisting to the "bottom" (the surface) and riding in the train to and from the pits.

19 Page 11 The investment lacked much value without a labor force, a resource that Hunter found in short supply as the legal transfer of property was completed. He resorted to hiring people from nearby farms to build houses, clear streets, paint, haul rock, build water tanks, improve the mine shafts and guard them, build a wire fence around the mining property, and load dirt. The company's time book listed 127 employees in December, 1988, including 25 with Spanish surnames and 2 among them designated as interpreters.

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