By Robin Gendron, Mats Ingulstad, Espen Storli
Because the key part in aluminum creation, bauxite has turn into the most very important minerals of the final 100 years. to a couple it introduced fiscal and political virtue, yet for lots of others, its improvement left a legacy of exploitation. Aluminum Ore explores the background of bauxite within the 20th century and the worldwide forces that this historical past represents, from its strategic improvement within the First global battle to its position within the globalization of markets as businesses from the northern hemisphere vied for the assets of the south. that includes essays through students from worldwide, this wide-ranging assortment is a historical past of 1 crucial mineral and a brand new point of view on a time of change.
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Extra info for Aluminum Ore: The Political Economy of the Global Bauxite Industry
16 Michael Porter, Competition in Global Industries (Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1986), 35. 17 The seminal work on vertical integration in the aluminum industry is John Stuckey, Vertical Integration and Joint Ventures in the Aluminum Industry (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1983). 18 This can be exemplified by the Swiss company AIAG (Alusuisse) ca. 1910: The company mined its bauxite in Provence, France, and then shipped the bauxite to a refinery in Silesia, Germany, where the bauxite was refined into alumina.
As we have seen, the Hungarian government linked the permit to export bauxite to Germany with the demand that Hungarian companies should receive technical assistance to break into the industry. In Italy, Romania, Yugoslavia, and Greece, the governments all tried to foster a domestic aluminum industry, partly for strategic reasons to secure aluminum supplies for the military, partly for economic development reasons. Italy (from 1926) and Yugoslavia (from 1937) were successful in these policies; Greece and Romania were not.
Other bauxite hunters did not have to go through the authorities but could go directly to the chiefs. This was the route followed by Sierragold Trust. This company was a curious mixture of business and politics. ”64 The founder of the company, Frederick William Dove, was a Sierra Leonean barrister who was deeply involved in the pan-African movement. In 1920, he had been one of the co-founders of the National Congress of British West Africa. 66 The company purchased land in the Gold Coast said to contain diamonds, gold, or manganese, the traditional export minerals of the colony, and hired an Australian mining engineer to explore the areas.