By Akira Miura
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Extra info for An Integrated Approach to Intermediate Japanese (Revised Edition)
I sj would-go] I will go. (with a strong feeling of determination) THE PROBABLE MOOD 49 As is the case with many other true conjugational forms of a verb, these probable forms of the verb are abrupt in some situations, and in normal polite discourse their place is taken by forms ending in -masha (which is related to the -masu and -mashita you have already learned). -masha is added to the combining stem of the verb: PRESENT COMBINING NORMAL POLITE PROBABLE STEM iku OR yuku taberu nomu to go to eat to drink iki- or yukitabenomi- Ikimasho!
Yamada-Mr. as-for is qu] Is Mr. Yamada here? 42 THE PRESENT Koko ni seikyusho ga gozaimasu. [here in bill (or check) sj is] Here is a bill (or check). Sensei ga irasshaimasu. [teacher sj comes] The teacher comes. The teacher will come. The Present The verb form which is given in the dictionary is called the present or the present final. It always ends in -u. Basically, its meaning is that of the English present, although it is also used to express future time, since Japanese has no separate future tense.
Japanese verbs are highly regular. There are only two really irregular verbs in the language, and these are irregular only in their stems. There are perhaps a half dozen other common verbs that are very slightly irregular in one or two forms. As a result, even though there are more forms per verb than there are in English, and the endings used to make particular forms are longer than English endings, the Japanese verb is really very VERB CONJUGATIONS AND THE BASIC STEM 37 simple. Verbs are so completely regular in the way they make their forms that you will be astonished at the ease with which you will master them.